The following is a transcript of a presentation given by HR Board Member Alan Anderson to the HR Nicholls Society XXXIV Conference:
We have heard a good deal this morning about the problems with our industrial relations system and the economic impacts of its failings. Our President, Adam Bisits, has asked me, as a member of the Board, to deliver an overview of the Society’s position on the broad reforms that should be effected to reform Australia’s industrial relations system.
As a non-IR specialist, I claim no deep expertise in the operation of the current regime. In what follows, I draw with gratitude upon a paper prepared by Thereas Moltoni and Des Moore last year for the Society and accepted by the Board, highlighting some of the areas of our industrial relations system requiring the most urgent reform.
The foundation of the Society’s call for reform is a belief that there is no substantive imbalance of bargaining power between the 800,000 employing businesses in Australia and a workforce of 12 million. The dynamic and dispersed nature of our employment market makes it virtually impossible for employers to impose ‘unfair’ conditions on employees on a sustained basis. It follows that the costs of our complex and highly-regulated system are unmatched by any benefits to workers.
The HR Nicholls Society must strike a balance between purism and pragmatism; leading the debate but not so as to consign its recommendations to irrelevance. It is in that spirit that we advance the following agenda, covering 10 critical areas. Read more
This is an edited version of an address to the HR Nicholls Society XXXIV Conference in Brisbane on 17 May 2014 by Roger Gyles AO QC:
1988 was the year of the Bi-Centennial. Nick Greiner was elected Premier of New South Wales. The building industry rorts during construction of the Darling Harbour project were fresh in the public mind. Nick Greiner received many complaints that New South Wales building costs were too high compared with the other States, particularly Victoria, and concluded that New South Wales was losing business as a result. That was the catalyst for my appointment as Royal Commissioner into Productivity in the New South Wales Building Industry in 1990.
Published material from quantity surveyors bore out the fact that New South Wales building costs for major projects were greater than those in the other States. The Commission looked closely at the situation in Queensland. The published material showed that Queensland building costs were 90% of New South Wales’ costs in 1983 and 74% in 1991. The Commission studies confirmed that from 1983 onwards non-residential building costs in Sydney were significantly higher than Brisbane and the gap continued to widen. The difference in cost was not reflected in cottage building or civil construction. There was virtually no union involvement in cottage building and no Building Workers Industrial Union (BWIU) involvement in civil construction. It was concluded that the difference lay in labour costs, principally due to lost time caused by adverse industrial relations conditions in New South Wales compared with Queensland. This in turn was due to a difference in attitude of the two unionised workforces resulting from the different approaches which the building trade union organisers and officials took in the two States. Read more
The need for law and order to be applied was also emphasised by former Royal Commissioner in NSW, Roger Gyles, who reported to the Greiner government in 1992. That government established a body to ensure the law was applied in the NSW building industry. Of particular importance was the direct involvement of police in the operation of that body (police forces are generally reluctant to prevent disruptive action by unions). The Greiner body, however, succeeded in moving NSW building costs down below those in other states – until, that is, Carr became Premier and dissolved the body. Read more
The following is a paper presented by Theresa Moltoni to the 2014 HR Nicholls Society Annual Conference.
Stopping the decline – A year of Lost Opportunity
Since our last conference we have continued to see further labour market reform, however it hasn’t been going in the direction that was so desperately needed, indeed it has continued to go backwards. Much of this has been due to the implementation of Bill Kelty’s espoused Plan B by the former Rudd-Gillard-Rudd Government. Let’s review the year that was….
In what appeared to be a desperate bid to shore up as many layers of Plan B as possible, we saw change after change pushed through Parliament with no slowing down as the last opportunities to do so arose before the election. The polls painted a clear picture that Labor were heading for opposition and in a defiant refusal to accept the will of the people, the Government reacted by pushing through changes that had no mandate whatsoever, changes that were not designed to have a positive effect on employment, productivity or the broader economy, changes that were instead designed to bolster Plan B. Unfortunately as Margaret Thatcher once said (and Australians are now finding), “the problem with socialism is that you eventually run out of other people’s money”.
The last minute amendments to the Fair Work Act included: Read more